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402 anatomy and physiology mc

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The hairless part of the nose that houses the nostrils is called the:

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The boney ridges that are covered with membranes that slow down air movement by protruding into the nasal chamber are called:

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The best pigment for smelling ability is:

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Which of the following has the biggest square area of olfactory sensory cells inside the nose?

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A comparison of olfactory cell counts between man and dog indicates that a dog’s sense of smell is how many times better than man’s?

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Which of the following factors can limit the olfactory abilities of a dog?

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Which of the following races has the least amount of body odor?

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Which of the following contributes to an individual’s scent?

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Dead cells, called rafts, are constantly shed from the body from which of the following areas:

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The source of sweat is which of the following?

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Sweat is one of the main contributors to body odor.  Which of the following contains the most eccrine sweat glands?

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The location of the aprocrine sweat glands is at the base of the hair follicles in which of the following areas of the body?

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Which of the following microorganisms is the dominant resident of the skin?

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The main ingredients of human scent are the bacteria acting upon dead cells in the body skin secretions. Which of the following affects the growth of bacteria the most?

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According to Droscher, in approximately how many minutes was the scent of a person’s foot in a new pair of rubber boots 0.2 millimeters thick, detectable by dogs?

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Of the following, which feature does not affect the individuality of a person’s scent?

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Which of the below terms best describes the shape of rafts (dead skin cells)?

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Approximately how many dead skin cells are shed by the body per minute?

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Which of the following is not true about larger rafts?

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Studies have shown that there is a current of air next to the surface of the skin that disperses a person’s rafts (dead skin cells) at a rate of how many feet per minute?

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Which of the following can have an effect on increasing the velocity, or how fast, rafts will be shed from the body?

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Body air currents which carry a person’s scent flow in which direction?

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Which of the following is not true about a person’s scent?

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Once a body’s rafts (dead skin cells) are dispersed into the environment, they will be affected by which of the following?

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One of the best ways to judge the condition of the wind is:

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Which of the following statements is not true?

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Which of the following are true for handlers working with scenting dogs?

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When there is no wind on a late summer afternoon, sometimes cooler air will join with warmer ground air and produce a turbulence effect.  Which of the following is true about working with scenting dogs in areas with turbulence?

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Which of the following is a component of the ground picture?

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When a footstep falls on the earth, the following 3 processes occur: vegetative fluids are released; rafts (dead skin cells) wrapped in vapor come to rest on the ground; and the killed plant cells produce a bacterial decomposition on or in the soil. Keeping these facts in mind, which of the following is true about these 3 processes:

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Which of the following odors may mask the particular odor being sought?

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Of the following odors, which will last the shorter amount of time and have the lesser intensity?

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Which of the following conditions has the most pronounced effect on bacterial activity and therefore odor?

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In Syrotuck’s evaluation of temperature and bacterial activity, which of the following temperature conditions led to vapors being given off over a longer period of time but at a lower intensity level?

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If rafts (dead skin cells) were deposited on the ground around noon, the chances of perceiving them would be best at what time?

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If rafts were deposited in the evening, they would be more easily perceived at what time?

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With regard to the ground picture, which of the following enables a dog to discriminate one human from another?

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According to Syrotuck, a dog that indicates almost each one of the subject’s footsteps is a:

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According to Syrotuck, a dog that is oriented to rafts which have fallen to the ground along the person’s route and that works some distance from the actual footsteps, is a:

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According to Syrotuck, dogs that ignore ground deposits and hold their heads high as though searching air currents for evidence, is a:

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A dog’s training should begin with:

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Because tracking dogs tend to have difficulty in discriminating between humans, one way to enhance discrimination training would be to train on:

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To enhance discrimination training, which of the following should be used:

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Which of the following types of dogs is the least ground oriented?

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