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Quiz 104 B True or false

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The Basset was bred to follow a trail over and through difficult terrain.

2 / 192

The unusual proportions of the Basset mean that it will move in an unusual way, which makes this breed a challenge for new judges.

3 / 192

In judging the Basset Hound, the highest priority should be given to the stacked picture.

4 / 192

Skolnick feels that equal angulation front and rear, even if it is less than perfect, is desirable.

5 / 192

The short, heavily boned legs of the Basset mean that it should have a somewhat bouncy topline in motion.

6 / 192

Going away, the hind legs should be essentially parallel although with an increase in speed the rear legs will tend to angle slightly inward.

7 / 192

Out at elbows is a serious fault in the Basset and can be seen when the dog is going away.

8 / 192

In the Basset Hound the wrist is in a straight line with the elbows.

9 / 192

A rolling gait in the Basset is incorrect and may be due to wrists that are too far out or a barrel shaped rib cage.

10 / 192

In coming towards you, the crook of the front legs follows the curve of the ribs and the wrists are closer than the elbows.

11 / 192

A straight front leg in the Basset Hound is acceptable as long as the movement is sound.

12 / 192

A fiddle front is an overly exaggerated crook in the front legs and is considered a very serious fault in the Basset Hound.

13 / 192

Observing the gait of the Basset Hound is the most important way to evaluate its structure.

14 / 192

A skillful handler can hide a lot of structural faults when the Basset Hound is stacked.

15 / 192

The desired angle made by the shoulder blade and upper arm should be 110 degrees.

16 / 192

The shoulder blade of the Basset Hound should be twice as long as the upper arm.

17 / 192

Scapula is the Latin term for upper arm; humerus is the Latin term for shoulder blade.

18 / 192

A wrinkled wrist in the Basset Hound is considered a fault.

19 / 192

When viewed from the front, the wrists and feet of the Basset are closer together than the elbows.

20 / 192

In the Basset Hound, the amount of crook in the front legs does not necessarily have to be the same in each leg.

21 / 192

In the front legs, the feet of the Basset Hound are allowed to turn out a trifle equally.

22 / 192

Knuckling is a disqualification in the Basset Hound.

23 / 192

Regarding the feet, the length of the Basset's toes should be long enough to cover the heavy pads underneath.

24 / 192

The shoulder blades and elbows should be flat and tight to the body.

25 / 192

The foremost part of the sternum (pro sternum) should be visible from the side.

26 / 192

Shoulders and upper arms that are set too far forward on the body are considered very serious faults.

27 / 192

The long body of the Basset Hound means that this breed should have a rather long loin.

28 / 192

The abdomen is quite drawn up in the Basset Hound.

29 / 192

There is a slight tendency for the topline (backline) to sag in the Basset, which is considered acceptable considering the Basset's length of body.

30 / 192

The shoulders of the Basset should be wider than the hindquarters.

31 / 192

Some Bassets have a crouching stance in the hindquarters, which is considered incorrect.

32 / 192

It is desirable to have hindquarters that are well rounded in the Basset.

33 / 192

The upper thigh bone should be set at approximately a 90 degree angle with the pelvic bone.

34 / 192

The angle formed by the lower thigh and upper thigh should be approximately 120 degrees.

35 / 192

The size of the front and rear feet should be the same. Like the front feet, the rear feet can toe out slightly.

36 / 192

An over-angulated or under-angulated hindquarter is a very serious fault.

37 / 192

With regard to proportions, the metatarsus (rear pastern) should be longer than the thigh .

38 / 192

The head is narrow in proportion to its length.

39 / 192

The head should be rounded at the sides.

40 / 192

Parallel head planes refer to the toplines of the muzzle and the skull.

41 / 192

Planes should be parallel in the Basset Hound.

42 / 192

The stop of the Basset Hound is very pronounced.

43 / 192

The length from nose to stop is approximately the same as the length from stop to the back of the occiput.

44 / 192

The skull should be broad and flat.

45 / 192

Eyes on the Basset should be deep set.

46 / 192

Skin on the head should be loose.

47 / 192

The eyes are soft and sad and the lids may droop showing the inside of the lower lid and haw.

48 / 192

Skolnick views faults in the Basset Hound as very Serious, Serious and Minor.

49 / 192

Minor faults have to do with endurance, movement and running gear.

50 / 192

An incorrect bite, especially an undershot bite, is also considered Very Serious.

51 / 192

Pronounced topline (backline) faults that affect movement are considered  Minor.

52 / 192

Serious faults in general are those relating to the body and proportion and type faults such as the head.

53 / 192

Any recognized hound color is acceptable in the Basset Hound.

54 / 192

In general, the distribution of color and markings should always come into play when evaluating the Basset Hound.

55 / 192

The chest in the Basset Hound should only reach to the elbows.

56 / 192

The Basset possesses in marked degree features that allow it follow a trail over and through difficult terrain.

57 / 192

In motion, the hocks of the Basset should be well bent.

58 / 192

The crook is the only way in which a dog with short legs can get its front feet under its center of gravity.

59 / 192

The angle formed by the shoulder blade and upper arm should ideally be 90 degrees.

60 / 192

The length of the shoulder blade should be equal to that of the upper arm.

61 / 192

An efficient angle for the pelvis on the Basset is one that is set at a 30 degree angle to the horizontal.

62 / 192

A high tail set is associated with good length of muscles that are involved in giving a dog proper drive.

63 / 192

A well bent stifle is associated with a long second thigh.

64 / 192

The hock (more correctly termed the rear pastern) in the Basset Hound should be short (well let down) because it allows greater endurance.

65 / 192

The effectiveness of the rib cage is determined in part by how much the ribs curve forward when relaxed.

66 / 192

A barrel shaped rib cage reduces the capacity of the lungs.

67 / 192

The action of the Basset Hound's tail gives the hunter information on how fresh the trail is or problems the hound may be encountering.

68 / 192

A curled, teapot tail may indicate improper muscular tension in the tail, which some feel may be an indication of other problems.

69 / 192

Undershot or overshot bites are considered minor faults.

70 / 192

Bassets with a tooth or two out of line, who possess other important virtues which allow it to perform its work well, probably should not be heavily penalized.

71 / 192

Sufficiently long shoulder blades provide proper surfaces for the attachment of wider and thinner muscles thus avoiding loaded shoulders.

72 / 192

The length of the upper arm should be longer than the length of the shoulder blade.

73 / 192

A line drawn from the center of the pad to the tip of the nose should cut through the chest.

74 / 192

A straight line drawn from the center of the shoulder blade should intersect the front of the front foot pad.

75 / 192

An integral part of Basset Hound breed type is the ability to follow a trail over and through difficult terrain.

76 / 192

As long as a Basset possesses key conformation features, soundness need not be taken into consideration.

77 / 192

Movement is a good indicator of conformation, soundness and the probability of fulfilling purpose.

78 / 192

The longer a Basset Hound's ears are, the better.

79 / 192

Spira defines soundness as a reference to a dog's physical and mental construction, which enables it to carry out its purpose.

80 / 192

Kalstone defines soundness as a dog's ability to perform its job with the least amount of effort.

81 / 192

There are situations where an unsound Basset Hound may be called an excellent representation of its breed.

82 / 192

In a balanced Basset Hound, the front legs are naturally placed underneath the deepest part of the chest for support.

83 / 192

In judging the Basset Hound, it really isn't necessary to put your hands on the dog since it is not a long coated breed.

84 / 192

Moving the Basset Hound is the best way to evaluate how it uses what it has.

85 / 192

The Basset should have a level topline (backline) in motion.

86 / 192

As long as there is good reach with the front legs, it doesn't really matter if there is an equal amount of rear extension.

87 / 192

Faulty movement in the Basset can include hitching in the rear and stumbling in the forequarters.

88 / 192

Bassets with straighter stifles tend to have good rear extension.

89 / 192

Bassets are scent hounds and are happiest when investigating smells.

90 / 192

Sometimes Bassets will be shy in behavior and this is acceptable since they are a sensitive breed.

91 / 192

Basset Hounds are achondroplastic, which means they are a giant breed.

92 / 192

Despite their unusual proportions, Bassets should be agile and graceful.

93 / 192

The Basset Hound is a "head" breed.

94 / 192

The head should have a pronounced occipital protuberance and well-defined back skull.

95 / 192

The Basset has a deep stop.

96 / 192

One problem that is rarely seen in the breed is an incorrect front.

97 / 192

The upper arm and shoulder blade should be of equal length in the Basset Hound.

98 / 192

Good shoulder layback is often accompanied by a short neck in the Basset.

99 / 192

A loaded shoulder is generally an indicator of an incorrect front.

100 / 192

It is easy for anyone to spot a correct front.

101 / 192

The width of the shoulders should be approximately equal to the width of the hindquarters (pelvis).

102 / 192

There is a slope in the croup in Bassets that have a correct tail set.

103 / 192

Bassets should carry their tails down.

104 / 192

The underline of the Basset Hound should flow up gradually from the sternum to the flank.

105 / 192

It is desirable that the bones of the upper thigh and second thigh form right angles, matching the angle of the shoulder blade and upper arm.

106 / 192

Although many Bassets tend to stand high on hock (have long rear pasterns), this is not desirable since a short hock is better for endurance.

107 / 192

The hindquarters of the Basset should be well-rounded.

108 / 192

When judging Basset Hound movement, look for short choppy strides since this means that hunters on foot will be able to stay up with their hounds.

109 / 192

Two key words that are used to describe correct Basset movement are "deliberate" and "effortless ".

110 / 192

The unusual proportions of the Basset means that it will move with a lumbering or rolling gait.

111 / 192

Bassets that are overweight should be penalized.

112 / 192

The 3 disqualifying faults in the Basset are rarely seen in Bassets that are shown.

113 / 192

The Basset Hound may have a quiet, almost reticent temperament, but it should never be too shy or aggressive.

114 / 192

Bassets should have an undercoat.

115 / 192

The head of the Basset Hound should be similar to a smaller version of a Bloodhound head.

116 / 192

It is important that the slight turnout of a Basset's front feet be equal for both feet.

117 / 192

The loin of the Basset Hound should be rather long.

118 / 192

It is important that the rear of the Basset be no wider than the shoulders.

119 / 192

It is only necessary to evaluate the side gait of a Basset Hound to get a correct picture of its structure.

120 / 192

Breed type may be defined as those specific characteristics which distinguish one breed from another.

121 / 192

Traits which define the breed type of the Basset Hound include long legs and short ears.

122 / 192

One of the most well known breed characteristics of the Basset is its loose skin, especially covering the head, where it falls in distinct wrinkles when the head is lowered.

123 / 192

The challenge for breeders of Basset Hounds is to combine characteristics of breed type with structural soundness.

124 / 192

Type and style are the same thing.

125 / 192

A strain is a bloodline of a particular breeder that is developed over time.

126 / 192

Type is what the official standard is for a particular breed; it's the ideal of that particular breed.

127 / 192

Style refers to how a breeder interprets the breed standard.

128 / 192

Most Basset Hound authorities concur that important characteristics of Basset Hound breed type include: a proper head, long ears, loose skin, a long, low profile, very heavy bone and a prominent sternum.

129 / 192

Although the Basset breed standard does not give height to length proportions, many authorities feel this ratio should be 2 to 1, and that the Basset should be approximately twice as long as it is tall.

130 / 192

The forequarters of the Basset support more than half the weight of the Basset Hound.

131 / 192

The neck on the Basset should be rather short.

132 / 192

The Basset's loose skin, dewlap and long ears have all been associated with "sweeping in the scent" as he trails game although there is no definite proof of this concept since tight and dry headed Bassets have also had exceptional hunting ability.

133 / 192

The more loose skin, the longer the ears and the shorter the legs of a Basset, the better.  You can never overdo these features of breed type.

134 / 192

The purpose of a Basset's short legs is to slow him down so hunters could better stay up with him on foot.

135 / 192

A Basset can never be too low to the ground.

136 / 192

In the Basset Hound, the distance from the deepest point of the chest to the ground should not be more than one third the total height at the withers of an adult Basset.

137 / 192

One of the most common faults seen in the ring today is the Basset with a shoulder assembly set too far forward.

138 / 192

Judges and breeders alike are often unable to determine correct shoulder placement.

139 / 192

In a Basset, the front legs should be in front of the deepest part of the chest.

140 / 192

Out at elbows, loaded shoulders and overly developed necks are often seen in Bassets in which the shoulder assembly is steep and set too far forward.

141 / 192

Evaluating the amount of forechest in the Basset Hound will help breeders and judges determine if the shoulder placement and layback are correct.

142 / 192

A distinguishing hallmark of the Basset Hound breed is a very prominent forechest, which shows clearly in front of the forelegs.

143 / 192

In the "coming toward you" movement of the Basset Hound, Bassets whose forechests tend to disappear may lack sufficient forechest.

144 / 192

The length of the shoulder blade should be longer than the upper arm.

145 / 192

Ideally, the angle made by the shoulder blade and upper arm should be 120 degrees.

146 / 192

The upper arm and shoulder blade angle and length are always the same on both sides of the Basset Hound.

147 / 192

Mismatched fronts are rarely seen in the Basset Hound.

148 / 192

Long pasterns and flat feet can contribute to a mismatched front in the Basset Hound.

149 / 192

From time to time, the two upper arms of a Basset Hound may differ in length.

150 / 192

In the Basset Hound, the perpendicular front leg should cover the deepest part of the forechest.

151 / 192

The angle formed by the upper arm and the shoulder blade should ideally be 130 degrees in the Basset Hound.

152 / 192

Bassets in which the angle of the shoulder blade and upper arm is too steep will transmit more pounding to the bones and joints of the forequarters, setting the stage for unsoundness and inefficient movement in the field.

153 / 192

Set far forward shoulders have no effect on the back of the Basset Hound.

154 / 192

Terrier fronts are often seen in the Basset Hound and should be considered incorrect for the Basset breed.

155 / 192

The standard says that the Basset Hound should move in a "deliberate" manner, which means there should be no overflow of movement or no extra movement of limbs that would take away from efficient placement of the Basset's feet.

156 / 192

The Basset Hound's original purpose meant that he should be able to follow a trail for one hour at most.

157 / 192

Purposeful or intentional has nothing to do with "deliberate" movement.

158 / 192

There are 15 pairs of ribs in the Basset Hound.

159 / 192

A flanged rib is sometimes seen in the Basset, which means a portion of the base of the rib cage takes on a shape similar to a flip hair-do.

160 / 192

The static function of the rib cage is to provide housing for the heart and lungs; the dynamic function is to influence breathing by causing a change in the capacity of the thoracic cavity when the ribs pivot.

161 / 192

The heart normally does not extend beyond the 3rd rib.

162 / 192

The line of the brisket should be basically level up to the 8th rib.

163 / 192

Bassets should possess what is called a herring gut.

164 / 192

A flat-sided rib cage in the Basset Hound means there is less room for heart and lungs.

165 / 192

In order not to interfere with the action of the front legs, the 3rd through 5th ribs should be somewhat flattened.

166 / 192

If the entire rib cage is rounded it may result in a Basset being out at the elbows.

167 / 192

Barrel shaped rib cages are considered a fault in the Basset Hound because they do not give enough depth of rib cage and provide less space for heart and lungs.

168 / 192

A Basset who is well ribbed up will have ribs that angle forward from the spinal column.

169 / 192

An angling of 45 degrees of the ribs from the spinal column gives a dog the longest possible ribs for its body size.

170 / 192

It is the boney part of the rib cage which pivots and if the boney part is longer it will result in a greater change in volume of the thoracic cavity when the dog breathes. This will allow the dog to have more endurance.

171 / 192

In the Basset, any recognized hound color is acceptable.

172 / 192

There are several markings which are considered disqualifications in the Basset Hound.

173 / 192

Basset Hound colors are similar to the colors of the Foxhounds.

174 / 192

A lace ear in a Basset Hound is a disqualification.

175 / 192

Blue Bassets are commonly seen in the ring.

176 / 192

Brindle patterned Bassets must be disqualified.

177 / 192

Bassets are required to have a white tipped tail so that can be easily spotted in the field.

178 / 192

A blue eyed Basset Hound must be disqualified.

179 / 192

It is up to the judge to decide how severely to penalized a Basset Hound with 2 different colored eyes.

180 / 192

The Basset Hound was bred to hunt with speed.

181 / 192

The English crossed their Basset Hounds with Bloodhounds to introduce new blood.

182 / 192

Basset Hounds should possess a very droopy lower eyelid.

183 / 192

Mrs. Bergishagen feels that early on Americans had developed a leaner, lighter Basset with less depth of chest than the European Basset Hound.

184 / 192

For protection, the ears on the Basset should be thick and flat.

185 / 192

The Basset Hound breed standard specifically states that the Basset is a long, low dog.

186 / 192

Mercedes Braun measures length in the Basset Hound from the withers to the set on of tail.

187 / 192

According to Mrs. Urban, the length of the Basset should be approximately twice as long as tall measuring from the prosternum to the rump.

188 / 192

Poor feet, knuckled fronts and out at elbows are usually due to incorrect hindquarter angulation.

189 / 192

Achondroplastic breeds tend to have shoulders that are set too far forward.

190 / 192

Mismatched fronts are a common problem in the Basset Hound due to achondroplasia.

191 / 192

The upper arm and the shoulder blade should be approximately the same length in the Basset Hound.

192 / 192

The front legs of the Basset should be in front of the deepest part of the chest.

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